Lifestyle Physical Activity Behavior Among South Asian Indian Immigrants
Daniel M, Wilbur J, Marquez D. et al. Lifestyle Physical Activity Behavior Among south Asian Indian Immigrants J. Immigrant Minority Health (18 May 2013)
This article by Daniel and colleagues, examined (1) the lifestyle physical activity behavior of middle aged South Asians (SAI) assessed by subjective report and objective measures (accelerometer) and (2) compared physical activity between South Asian Indian men and women on a variety of measures including leisure time activity ( LTA), household activity (HA) and occupational activity (OA).
A total of 122 person were screened, 51 from a gurudwara, 42 from the temple and 24 from a Christian church located in Chicago. A total of 110 SAI's had complete data and the formed the basis for this study. The average age of the participants was 53.0 years (SD= 7.6), with a 62.7% women. The age of immigration for the group was 32.9 years (SD=10.7) and 69% had a college education or higher. Eighty percent ( 80%) of this group were employed and 56% of the questionnaires were administered in English compared to 44% administered in Hindi.
The most frequently reported activities across all three questionnaires were light to moderate intensity type activities, with walking fast or briskly for exercise the most reported. Jogging or running was the only exercise that was reported more by men than women. No differences were noted in the minutes/week that men/women in the study participated in activities, however women spent more time in light intensity activities and men spent more time in moderate intensity activities.
On average daily steps for the group was over 6500 ( SD= 3388) with no differences between men and women. Based on step cutoff points, 38% of the women and 22% of the men were "sedentary", 39% of the men and 32% of the women were" low active", with only 20% and 19 % of the men and women respectively, were noted as being "highly active." The findings highlight the level of PA in middle aged SAI's and offer insight as to what types of PA programs could be designed for the community to engage them in more of, and higher level intensity activities.